Education is a political act. The integration of technology with education is only allowed because there is political will to do it. Basically paying for the expenses of technology that can extend the capacity of the human being, will also be a political act. Capitalism is a national expression of politics. The ability of technology to be used for all or only for those who can afford it is a political action or expression made by the culture that allows it.
The people who have enrolled in moocs are mostly from places in the world where their culture is still politically open enough to allow them to take part in a global discussion. For some, the act of engaging in a mooc will be an act of political defiance.
.... and therefore the question of how humans and education will be affected by digital technology and digital culture is not really a question of technology and education, but a question of politics and culture.